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水,是生命不可或缺的真味,平凡、平淡却充盈养分。饮一杯真情之水,如同品酒,慢慢细啧,点点滴滴不愿挥霍。愿与懂得珍惜的朋友共享!

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2017年5月25日   

2017-05-25 06:21:39|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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我们为什么对马里兰大学毕业典礼上她的演讲如此愤怒? 2017-05-24 北大清华讲座 请点击上方蓝字 ↑【北大清华讲座】加关注,知识改变命运! 所谓坏的真理,就是那些遮蔽了好的谎言的真理;所谓坏的谎言,就是在需要真理时它却出现的谎言。坏的真理的标志是:只要真理,不要人类;坏的谎言的标志是:只要谎言,不要人类。——尼采 名校课表分享:请在本号对话框中输入:北大课表、清华课表、北体课表、北理工课表、北工大课表、首师大课表、人大课表、北师大课表、法大课表、北邮课表、央财课表、中科院课表、北外课表、北林课表、民大课表、农大课表、北语课表、对外经贸课表、中传课表、地大课表自动提取。更多分类信息请进入本公号底部参看【讲座分类】【课表查询】【演出展览】菜单栏。 马里兰大学的本科毕业典礼上,中国留学生Yang Shuping(杨舒平)受邀为全校师生做毕业演讲,然而她的演讲可谓一石激起千层浪,不但没有令在场的中国学生感到骄傲,反而让在场一众中国学生感到尴尬和愤怒。 随后,在多个社交媒体上也掀起了巨大的话题。许多人,包括在美留学生,都对杨的这番演讲感到愤怒!在一片愤怒声中,出现了不一样的声音: 有人认为大家的愤怒是“暴民的狂欢”,是无数无脑网民对一个小姑娘的不公讨伐,而愤怒的国人正用实践证明着姑娘的演讲:在中国不能自由地发表言论。 那人们到底为什么愤怒?他们的愤怒有理由么? 这里引用微博上一个网友的话: 『有些人似乎觉得,只要是“真话”,就可以不分场合、不分方式、不分对象地说;只要是“事实”,就可以无视背后可能有的潜台词和引申含义。』 请注意,这里并不是说『家丑不可外扬』,讨论的是『说话的方式』。我们留学生常年生活在国外,我们知道西方对中国的敌意天然存在,什么样的话应该怎么说,说了可能会被他们解读成什么样,我们一清二楚。 杨同学在讨论中国的一些问题时,使用的语句,表达方式从任何角度来看都不当。 我们作为留学生,从来不回避祖国存在的任何问题。我们中的很多人,也是曾经对祖国的一些方面有失望,然后想出来看看外面是什么样子的。出来以后,经过不断的体验,对比和学习,我们每个人都会有自己不同的想法,这很正常。你可以批评,可以建议,但明眼人能看出来这样的批评和建议是否经过深刻的思考和总结,又是不是单纯的抱怨、抬杠或者抹黑,这两者有着事实上的不同。 更何况她在演讲中说的还不是“真话”。 这个事情爆出后,已经有很多杨同学曾经的同学好友出来说话,表示“从未见她戴过口罩”。 中国确实存在环境问题,如果说是京津冀一些严重污染地区倒也有几分可信。可杨同学来自昆明,一个四季如春气候宜人的城市,一个空气质量优良天数比例全国前几的地方,你告诉我你要戴五层口罩,一摘下来就会生病?这也太夸张了。 不诚实,在西方价值观体系中,更是严重的道德污点。在美国文化里,恶意编造或夸大前雇主错误去讨好新雇主都是绝对的硬伤,更别说是在这样的场合故意编造每故事来贬低自己的祖国了。 我们虽不想恶意揣测她的动机,但她的姿态实在不得不令人怀疑。她为什么这样说?因为不这样说,就不够煽情,不够有感染力,不够对比出中国的惨,不够迎合外国人对中国的刻板印象。 她可以赞美美国,但没有必要建立在贬低自己祖国的基础上,更何况还是编造谎言来贬低自己的国家。一位受了多年教育的留学生,不试图把中国的改变带给世界,而只是一味迎合,加深了西方人对中国的刻板负面印象,实难接受。 仔细看视频,会发现下面是一片笑声,并没有什么掌声。我们想告诉杨同学的是,靠贬低抹黑自己的国家,并不会让别人心里高看你一眼,更不会赢得他人真正的尊重。 引用一下百年前清朝留学生出国的宣言: 『此去西洋,应深知中国自强之记,舍此无所他求。背负国家之未来,取尽洋人之科学。赴七万里长途,别祖国父母之邦,奋然无悔。』 另外,且不说这篇演讲的动机,这个演讲稿本身的水平实在让人不敢恭维:肤浅,且不切题。 这是「代表马里兰大学毕业生的演讲」。 演讲稿里,有人问她为什么要来马里兰大学? 她说:fresh air... 这不是在社区大学也能体会到的么。。。 整个演讲里, 一没有对学校老师培养的感恩,二没有对学校的学术氛围和科研水准的赞扬,三没有对自己的学术收获和未来展望的总结。 翻来覆去,就是fresh air and free speech。留学了四年,结果最想表达的感悟居然只是“空气和言论自由”这种游客级别的想法,简直是打学校的脸。 在一所美国著名大学学习四年,学术精神,包容思辨,对多元文化的辩证反思,杨同学似乎都没有学到,却学会了标签化的思维。谈起自己的国家,没有一丝为祖国变化的欣喜和骄傲,也没有一丝对祖国问题的同情和担当,有的只是“我终于跑出来了”的庆幸,以及最后还不忘踩上一脚的势利。 人们难道没理由愤怒么? 最后,来看一篇“林三土” 推荐的哥伦比亚大学2017届博士毕业典礼上毕业生代表喻俐雅的演讲,高下立判! “ 喻俐雅是我在哥大政治系的同门学妹,也是我们一家的至交好友。她生于中国,长于德国,负笈英、美,2008年从剑桥大学本科毕业,今年获得哥大博士学位,并被选为研究生院唯一的学生代表,在几天前的博士毕业典礼上发言。 在她的发言中,俐雅谈到了跨文化的成长经历与边缘身份曾经为自己带来的困扰。相信许多朋友对此心有戚戚——尽管每个人的经历独一无二,困扰的原因和时机也不尽相同:也许出于性别,也许出于民族,也许出于北漂,也许出于留学。不论如何,希望俐雅的挣扎、求索、抗争、自我和解,能为更多人带来共鸣、激励与启发。” 喻俐雅:哥伦比亚大学2017届博士毕业典礼学生代表发言 ——在智识家园寻找身份认同的归属与解放 俐雅在博士毕业典礼上发言 摄影:宁屹 Dear Provost Coatsworth, Executive Vice President Madigan, Dean Alonso, faculty, and administrative staff; dear families and friends, but most important, dear Ph.D. class of 2017, 亲爱的寇兹沃思校务长,麦迪冈常务副校长,研究生院阿隆索院长,各位老师与行政员工;亲爱的家人朋友,以及最重要的,亲爱的2017届博士毕业生们: I feel extremely honored to deliver the student speech today, and would like to start by thanking my two advisers in the political science department, David Johnston and Jack Snyder, as well as my committee members Robert Jervis, Helen Verdeli from TC, and Lasana Harris; as well as my parents, husband, son and friends who are sitting in the audience today. 今天能够作为学生代表发言,我感到极其荣幸。我首先要感谢我在政治学系的两位导师,戴维·庄士敦和杰克·斯奈德;我的几位答辩委员:罗伯特·杰维斯,来自教师学院的海伦·维尔德利,和拉萨纳·哈里斯;以及今天在台下就座的,我的父母、丈夫、儿子和朋友们。 I am here today to talk about what Columbia means to me as a place – as an enigmatic place of arrival and possibility, as a place that marks my intellectual biography, as a tangible place in which a multitude of my identities found a space to speak to each other. 今天我发言的主题是,哥伦比亚大学作为一个「地方」,对我来说意味着什么:一个在我抵达时弥漫着无限可能性的神秘的地方,一个标记着我的智识成长的地方,一个为我的多重身份提供了相互对话空间的、有迹可寻的地方。 On one of my first lush summer evenings on campus seven years ago, when I was sitting with a newly made friend on the steps of Low Library, we were watching how the lights of Butler Library opposite of us were beginning to pierce brightly into the soft, darkening sky, one small window after the other. 七年前初次体验这个校园令人迷醉的夏夜时,我和一位刚刚结识的朋友坐在洛氏图书馆的台阶上,看着对面巴特勒图书馆的灯光一格窗子接着一格窗子亮起,渐次穿透正在变暗的柔和天幕。 My friend and I talked about how for our hypermobile generation, places and locations are often piled onto each other without clear order, whereas recounting specific years provides more structure and clarity. For this generation, the memories of places that we travel to and from, and that we leave behind and immerse ourselves in anew, can quickly become a jumbled and bewildering collection of facts. Instead, specific years begin to structure us – almost as if they light up in front of our eyes, like the row of bright windows of Butler Library, into the darkness of the sky. 我和这位朋友讨论到,对于我们这样高度流动的一代人,到过的地方和居所如何常常毫无确凿次序可循地叠垒在一起,而对具体年份的讲述则有助于其结构化和清晰化。对我们这代人来说,关于我们去过或来自的所有那些地方的记忆、关于我们抛在身后或亟待融入的所有那些地方的记忆,都会迅速缠绕成一团由事实堆砌而成的、令人头昏脑胀的乱麻。相反,具体年份则逐渐成为我们梳理自身经历的出发点——仿佛巴特勒图书馆的那一排排窗子,在我们眼前亮起,照向黑暗的夜空。 Yet today I want to make the case that our memory of Columbia is especially precious for a hypermobile generation like ours, because it is deeply etched into us as a memory and experience ofplace, above all. 不过今天我特别想说的是,关于哥大的记忆,对我们这样高度流动的一代人而言尤为珍贵,因为对这个「地方」的记忆与体验,在我们身上打下了深入骨髓的烙印。 I came to Columbia from having studied political philosophy in the UK, I grew up in Germany, was born in China, and thus arrived at Columbia with many question marks about my cultural and intellectual belonging. 进入哥大之前,我在英国学习政治哲学、在德国长大、在中国出生。因此伴随我抵达哥大的,是我对自身文化归属与智识归属的无数问号。 I wrote an interdisciplinary dissertation that employs the social neuroscience on prejudice, stereotyping and dehumanization of others, to build a neuropolitical theory of how we can live together cooperatively in hyperdiverse and divided societies. Columbia’s campus, its winded corridors in the prewar buildings, the seminar rooms, the libraries, and above all, its people became a physically tangible and contained place where I could draw connections between my conflicting identities. 我的博士论文是一项跨学科的工作,运用社会神经科学中关于偏见、刻板印象、以及对他者非人化态度的研究,针对我们如何能够在高度多元与割裂的社会中合作共处的问题,发展出一套相应的神经政治学理论。哥大的校园,那些筑于战前的楼里刮着穿堂风的长廊,那一个个研讨室,一座座图书馆,以及最重要的,校园里的人们,共同构成了一个实实在在有迹可寻却又自成一隅的地方,令我得以身处其间,为自己相互冲突的各种身份搭建联系。 Academically, it became a place where in my quest to create a new neuropolitical language and interdisciplinary theory for today’s identity politics, I could literally cross disciplinary boundaries by walking over to the offices and seminar rooms of different departments and library rooms on Morningside campus, within a matter of hours, within a whole long day. As I was contemplating during my graduate years what impact the brain has on politics, and how politics reflects in the brain, I criss-crossed campus and connected the disparate intellectual fieldsin my mind – neuroscience and political philosophy – by walking across the campus space. 在学术上,哥大对我意味着这样一个地方:在我力图为当今的身份政治创建一套全新的神经政治话语和跨学科理论时,我可以说到做到,在几个小时之内「跨越」学科边界,用一整天时间走遍晨曦高地校区不同院系的办公室、研讨室、图书馆阅览室。就读研究生这些年里,每当需要思考脑神经如何影响政治、政治如何反映在脑神经中之时,我便在校园里信步漫游,通过穿越校园空间,将神经科学与政治哲学这两个迥然有别的智识领域在自己脑海里串联起来。 But just like any physical place that is able to grip our imagination, Columbia is a place that at once attracts our most daring visions and yet most vulnerable longings. If, like me, you have ever wondered and despaired about who you are, how you are supposed to think, and how you are supposed to talk about yourself in light of the often conflicting cultural, racial, linguistic and gender identities that you carry within you, then you will know that words such as belonging, home and liberation are not just abstract concepts but powerful and enticing sounds that compel you to explore them with an almost irrational yearning and resolution. 但是与任何能够攫住我们想象的现实空间一样,哥大这样一个地方,既激发着我们最天马行空的想法,同时也吸引着我们内心最脆弱的渴望。如果你和我一样,曾经在面对各种与生俱来却又常常相互冲突的文化、种族、语言和性别身份时,为你究竟是谁、究竟应当如何思考、究竟应当如何谈论自身,而困惑过、绝望过,那么你一定理解,像「归属」、「家园」、「解放」这样的词汇,绝不仅仅是抽象的概念,而是令人心神悸动的天籁,驱使你以一种近乎非理性的饥渴与决绝,去一探它们的究竟。 When I arrived at Columbia, I wanted to understand the force of social identities such as race, culture and class, in determining political outcomes in our post-Cold War world order. I was motivated by my upbringing by Chinese parents in post-War, unified Germany: I was puzzled how identity politics could lead to such disastrous outcomes such as the Holocaust and the Cultural Revolution, but at the same time, how it could also lead to empowering triumphs such as the Civil Rights Movements and Desegregation in the U.S., as well as the Feminist Movement and postcolonial liberation. Why did identity politics in the 20th century lead to such disastrous and yet triumphant outcomes? And how are we to learn from this for the identity politics of the 21st century, in our increasingly hyperdiverse and divided societies? 当我来到哥大时,我一心想要研究诸如种族、文化、阶级这样的社会身份,在我们所处的后冷战时代世界秩序中的政治影响力。由华裔父母在冷战以后统一的德国养育成人,构成了我兴趣的发端:我困惑于身份政治何以能够导致犹太大屠杀和文化大革命这样的灾难,同时又何以能够成就美国民权运动、反种族隔离、女权运动、殖民地解放这样激动人心的胜利。为什么二十世纪的身份政治造就了如许灾难与如许成绩?我们能从中为二十一世纪的身份政治、为我们这个日益高度多元与割裂的社会,汲取怎样的经验教训? But of course, as is so often the case, the deepest and most hidden, but also most desperate and powerful drive behind these questions came from my own Self. They came from my own experience as an intercultural minority woman, who did not know whether she belonged to the West or the East. From my experience of being rejected as too Western by fellow Chinese and as too foreign by fellow Western colleagues, professors and friends. 不过当然,正如现实中常常发生的那样,这些问题背后最深的、最隐蔽的、同时也最刻骨铭心和最强大的驱动力,其实源于我对自身「自我」的困惑。源于我自己作为一个跨文化的少数族裔女性,在东方与西方之间无所归依的体验。源于我在华人同胞眼里太过「西化」,在西方同僚、教授、朋友眼里又太过「外族」,而屡遭排斥的体验。 From my experience of not knowing which history was truly writing me, and which history I should help writing. From yearning for a place that I could call my intellectual home, where I belonged without being put into a set of identity categories, where I could ask questions and try to answer them in a crispness and unfussiness that allowed me to focus completely on the question itself. 源于我不知道哪部历史真正写就了我、我又应该帮助书写哪部历史的体验。源于我对一个可以称为我的智识家园的地方的向往:这样一个地方,能够给予我归属感,而不把我划入一系列身份范畴;能够允许我提出问题,并以一种干脆利落、不大惊小怪、令我得以全神贯注于问题本身的方式全力寻找答案。 A place where the beginning of each day was not marked by that stinging sense of shame that still too many of us who move from identity margins into the center allow to wash over ourselves. I was looking for a place where it didn’t matter so much who you once were but where what you said, thought and responded to in this very moment in a seminar room, a research lab and a lecture hall, took on importance and reality. Columbia as a campus and New York as a city became that place where the words belonging, home and liberation could be uttered completely anew. 在这样一个地方,许许多多像我一样从身份认同的边缘地带迁至中心的人们,每天醒来时能够不必再被刺骨的羞愧感萦绕。我一直在寻找这样一个地方:在那里,你曾经是怎样的人不再重要;在那里,你每时每刻在研讨室、实验室、教室里的言谈、思考、回应,都能获得认真切实的对待。哥大这个校园,纽约这个城市,恰恰是这样一个令「归属」、「家园」、「解放」之类词汇焕发生机的地方。 However, I am not trying to idolize Columbia: my memory of Columbia is also marked by contestation of its place, and by who is represented and allowed entry here. I am thinking back of my time as student senator when I engaged in heated debates about Columbia’s global identity in light of ROTC’s return to campus, about Columbia’s responsibility to invest ethically, low-income students who confessed about their struggles with food stamps and finances, Black Lives Matter demonstrations, as well as the historic erection of a plaque that honors the Lenape people in 2016. 话说回来,我也并不想过分美化哥大:我对哥大的记忆同样包括了围绕对这个地方的解释权——谁能得到代表、谁被允许进入——的斗争。我还记得身为学生会代表参与的历次激烈讨论,比如因为预备军官训练团重新入驻校园而引起的就哥大全球身份的讨论,和关于哥大在投资方面的伦理责任的讨论,也记得低收入学生敞开心扉讲述他们面对食物券与财务困难的挣扎,记得「黑人性命举足轻重」的示威,记得2016年学校史无前例地树立了一块勒纳佩部落纪念碑。 Therefore when I think back, my time here at Columbia is marked both by the liberation that the space offers to intercultural people like me, but also by the constant awareness that this space needs to be continuously contested, reclaimed and transformed by a diverse assembly of voices. 所以回想起来,我在哥大的时光,既充斥着这个地方为和我一样的跨文化人群提供的解放,也时刻伴随着一种警醒:这个地方需要由各种不同的声音来不停地抗辩、争取、和转化。 The meaning of a place also comes from seeing it through someone else’s eyes. I would not be the person I am today without the undergraduate students that I have taught – to consider the identity challenges of our time through the perspective of this youngest generation on campus has been deeply humbling for me, giving me true joy and purpose. Likewise, our parents and family who are sharing this special moment with us today carry within them the knowledge of other continents, histories and political eras – which is why seeing us on stage today, in this place, in this city, at this moment, is deeply touching and meaningful to us, but perhaps even more so to them. 一个地方的意义,同样来自别人眼中的审视。如果不是因为我教过的本科生,我不会成为今天这个人——从校园里最年轻一代的视角思考我们这个时代的身份挑战,令我深深地反躬自省,也为我提供了真正的快乐与目的。同样地,与我们分享今天这一特殊时刻的父母家人们,也各自有着他们自己关于其它大陆、其它历史、其它政治时代的知识——正因如此,今天在这个地方、这个城市、这个时刻看到我们登台,对我们固然有着深深的触动和意义,但对他们恐怕更是如此。 Dear class of 2017, I leave you with this image of Butler Library’s lights lighting up like the years that are to unfold before us after our graduation, but also, with a visceral sense of place connected to Columbia – of that period in your life where the fractured identity parts within you found enlightenment and meaning, and a true sense of belonging in a single haven of time and place. 亲爱的2017届毕业生们,请随我一同回想巴特勒图书馆渐次亮起的灯光,一如想象即将在我们毕业后渐次展开的年华,也请与我一同回味与哥大这个地方紧密相连的——终于在人生中的某个阶段为你内心深处支离破碎的身份认同找到启蒙与意义、终于在某时某地的某个港湾找到真正的归属——那种发自肺腑的感受。
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